Build a bibliography or works cited page the easy way
Your essay should include four major sections: The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name , and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. After consulting with publication specialists at the APA, OWL staff learned that the APA 6th edition, first printing sample papers have incorrect examples of running heads on pages after the title page.
This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose.
Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Beneath the title, type the author's name: Do not use titles Dr. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation , which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research. Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research.
Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings.
Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract.
To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.
The page template for the new OWL site does not include contributors' names or the page's last edited date. However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chart , still include this information. Purdue Online Writing Lab. Contributors' names Last edited date.
Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: If it is not available there, it may also be found on the copyright page.
State the name of the publisher. If you are citing a specific page range from the book, include the page s at the end of the citation. If you have to cite a specific edition of a book later than the first, see the section below on citing edited books. Title of Website , URL. Women on Electronic Music and Sound. If your book is an edition later than the first, you should note this in the citation.
Ferraro, Gary, and Susan Andreatta, editors. Fosslien, Liz, and Mollie West. The name should not be abbreviated and should be written exactly as it appears on the website. For a page with two or more authors, list them in the order as they appear on the website. If the article was written by a news service or an organization, include it in the author position.
The page title should be placed within quotation marks. Place a period after the page title within the quotation marks. The page title is followed by the name of the website, which is italicized, followed by a comma.
Include the sponsoring institution or publisher, along with a comma, after the website title. If the name of the publisher is the same as the name as the website, do not include the publisher information in your citation.
Next, state the publication date of the page. In some cases, a specific date might not be available, and the date published may only be specific to a month or even year. Provide whatever date information is available. End the citation with the URL. End the entire citation with a period. Looking for an MLA formatter to create your website citations quickly and easily? The most basic entry for a journal consists of the author name s , article title, journal name, volume number, issue number, year published, page numbers, name of website or database, and URL or Direct Object Identifier DOI.
The name should not be abbreviated and should be written exactly as it appears in the journal. For an article written by two authors, list them in order as they appear in the journal. The article title should be placed within quotation marks. Unless the article title ends with a punctuation mark, place a period after the article title within the quotation marks.
The article title is followed by the name of the journal, which is italicized. Jones, Robert, et al. Database Life , www. Really Achieving Your Childhood Dreams. Begin the citation with the name of the speaker. State the date on which the lecture was conducted, followed by a comma. The most basic entry for a newspaper consists of the author name s , article title, newspaper name, publication date, page numbers, and sometimes a URL, if found online.
Volume numbers, issue numbers, and the names of publishers are omitted from newspaper citations. Title of Database if applicable , URL. The full article title should be placed within quotations. Next, state the name of the newspaper in italics.
Towards the end of the citation, include the page numbers on which the article appears, along with a period. Cite all inclusive page numbers — if the article spans pages that are not consecutive, cite only the first page, followed by a plus sign. The most basic entry for an encyclopedia consists of the author name s , article title, encyclopedia name, publisher, and year published. Notice that the name of the publisher was not included in the example above.
Only include the name of the publisher if it differs from the name of the encyclopedia. Encyclopedia Britannica is the name of the encyclopedia AND the name of the publisher. It is not necessary to include Encyclopedia Britannica twice in the citation. If the encyclopedia arranges articles alphabetically, do not cite the page number s or number of volumes.
After the publication year, include the page numbers on which the article appears, along with a period. Last name, First name. The most basic entry for a film consists of the title, director, distributor, and year of release.
You may also choose to include the names of the writer s , performer s , and the producer s , depending on who your research project may focus on. You can also include certain individuals to help readers locate the exact source themselves. If the film is dubbed in English or does not have an English title, use the foreign language title in the citation, followed by a square bracket that includes the translated title.
Citas gobiernan el mundo [ Citations Rule the World ]. Directed by Sara Paul, Showcase Films, Since the citation has two titles included in it the title of the film and the title of the website , the title of the film is placed in quotation marks and the title of the website is in italics.
The most basic entry for a magazine consists of the author name s , article title, magazine name, the volume and issue numbers if available, publication date, page numbers, and URL if found online. The name should not be abbreviated and should be written exactly as it appears in the magazine. For an article written by two or more authors, list them in the order as they appear on the title page.
Unless there is punctuation that ends the article title, place a period after the title within the quotations.
Next, state the name of the magazine in italics. If volume and issue numbers are available, include them in the citation. Use the abbreviations vol. The date the magazine was published comes directly after the volume and issue number.
Follow this information with a comma. Include the page number s on which the article appears. If the magazine article was found online, include the URL. End the citation with a period. Begin your citation with the name of the person interviewed. For an interview that has been broadcast or published, if there is a title, include it after the name of the person interviewed.
If the interview is from a publication, program, or recording, place the title, along with a period, in quotation marks. If it was published independently, italicize it, followed by a period. While names of other individuals are generally found after the title, for interviews, include the name of the interviewee directly after the title if you feel it is important to include their name.
For published interviews found online, include the title of the website after the title of the interview. In addition, add the URL at the end of the citation. Begin with the name of the photographer or main contributor if available. For a photograph taken from a publication or website, include the title of the photograph in quotation marks followed by a period.
If the photograph does not have a formal title, create a description. If you make your own description, only include a capital at the beginning of the description and at the beginning of any proper nouns. Do not place the description in italics or quotation marks. Photograph of the Hudson Area Public Library. JMS Collective , 19 Apr. Photograph of Murray Street, Hobart. If your research focuses on a specific individual from the tv or radio broadcast, include their name at the beginning of the citation, in the author position.
Or, begin the citation with the episode name or number, along with a period, inside quotation marks. Follow it with the name of the program or series, which is italicized, followed by a comma. If relevant, you may also choose to include the names of personnel involved with the program.
Include as many individuals as you like. Write these personnel names in normal order — do not reverse the first and last names. State the date which your program was originally broadcasted, along with a period. If including the URL, follow the date with a comma and place the URL at the end, followed by a period to end the citation.
The purpose of the in-text citation is to give the reader a brief idea as to where you found your information. If the reader plans to investigate the original source further, they can find the full citation in the Works Cited list. If your in-text citation comes from a website or another source that does not have page numbers, use the following abbreviations:. If the source has designated: To learn more about parenthetical citations, click here.
Need help creating your in-text or parenthetical citations? After creating your full citation for a source, there is an option to create a parenthetical citation.
An MLA Works Cited page contains all of the citations for a project and is usually found at the very end. For each citation afterwards, MLA formatting requires you to include three dashes and a period. When alphabetizing by titles, ignore A, An, and The, and use the next part of the title. In addition, if the title starts with a number, place the title where it would belong if the number was spelled out. The Handbook does not include a required way to format the heading of your paper.
Check with your instructor to see if there is a recommended way to format your header. BibMe recommends creating your header in the following format:. In the top right corners, place a running head for your MLA header. The heading should include your last name and the page number. Use Arabic numerals 1, 2, 3, 4…. Your word processing program should allow you to automatically set up the running head so that it appears at the top of every page of your project.
Looking for an MLA Formatter? Enter a title, web address, ISBN number, or other identifying information into the MLA format template to automatically cite your sources. For more information on the current handbook, check out this page. Check out this article , which shares information on helpful sites including an MLA citation machine.
The Modern Language Association was developed in and was created to strengthen the study and teaching of languages and literature.